Degenerative Disc Disease Treatment
Degenerative disc disease treatment may involve the treatment of herniated discs and discogenic pain with the stretching of muscles and strengthening exercises to reduce low back pain.
Degenerative Disc Disease usually involves arthritic changes to one of the two major sections of the intervertebral discs: the outer annulus fibrosus or the inner nucleus pulposus. Imagine a tire, with the treads of the tire being the annulus fibrosus, and the air on the interior being the nucleus pulposus. Take this analogy with a grain of salt, since the inside of the discs are not filled with air, but rather a goopy, thick mixture of water, glycoproteins, and other nutrients. In a car tire, a flat may occur either through the air in the tire deflating, or a hole being blown in the treads of the tire, causing a blowout. Either of these two conditions may occur to cause degenerative disc disease. Either the discs may begin to flatten, due to the pulpy, gelatin material beginning to dry out, or due to tears in the disc, that cause the material to seep out of it. When tears in the discs do occur, the condition is known as a herniated disc. A similar condition may occur to this discs, with the same pathology and symptoms, when the disc bulges but doesn't herniated, due to a thinning and subsequent thinning of the walls of the disc. Patients may experience back pain symptoms as a result of a herniated disc, such as numbness, burning, tingling, aching, pain, and worst of all, decreased motor control - when the spilled contents of the herniated disc hit the adjacent nerve roots of the spine. The nerve roots of the spine may also be affected the same way, when the disc bulges out to the point that it makes contact with and compresses the adjacent nerve roots.
Patients may also experience pain and other back pain symptoms more directly as a result of degenerative disc disease. Discogenic pain is pain due to the firing of pain signals from inside the disc itself. The discs themselves have no pain receptors, except where they attach to the posterior spinal ligament.
Degenerative Disc Disease Treatment: Though surgery may be required to remove the damaged materials involved with affecting the nerve roots or the section of the disc supplied with pain nerve fibers, it is rarely necessary. Back Pain and lower back pain, due to disc disease, can usually be managed with conservative treatment.
For the purposes of 90% or more people with back pain related to their discs, relief can be achieved with lifestyle changes that including a strengthening of the back muscles, strengthening of the abdominal muscles, postural changes that put less strain on the spine. Degenerative changes are not inevitable, and they do not simply occur because of us getting older. Degenerative changes can be accelerated because of the way we sit and stand, and carry objects, while putting added strain on the joints and ligaments of our back than they are designed to handle. Through proper ergonomics and posture, the progression of the disease can be slowed or stopped, and the symptoms of pain can be eliminated.
Degenerative disc disease treatment may involve the stretching of muscles and strengthening exercises to reduce low back pain. For the back to be able to move without limitation, and to be held in its ideal position, when at rest, the connected muscles, tendons, and ligaments must be able to move without restriction.